Many studies have been published on human interaction with individual robots, but few have examined how human behavior differs when individuals and groups interact with groups of robots. Studying groups is important because humans act differently when they are in groups than they do as individuals; people may particularly be more negative toward perceived outgroup members, or behave more competitively when interacting in groups than as individuals. We explore what happens when groups of humans and robots interact. We focus on how features of the robots (e.g., if the robots are human-like or machine-like) and of the interaction (e.g., if people cooperate with or compete against the robots) affect attitudes and behavior toward robots. We also study what kinds of interaction techniques and robot designs can improve people’s HRI experiences. We also seek to understand the ethical consequences of robots as members of human teams. This research is partially funded by IU’s Social Science Research Commonsthe National Science Foundation’s Cyber Human Systems (CHS) Grant, and Computing Research Association for Women’s Collaborative Research Experience for Undergraduate (CREU).

Researchers: Marlena R. Fraune, Kyrie Jig Amon, Sawyer Collins, Steven Sherrin, Margarett Krupp, Catherine Sembroski, Anne Lin, Wan-Ling Chang, Selma Šabanović, Eliot Smith.

Publications:

  • Fraune, M., Sabanovic, S., & Kanda, T. (2019). Human Group Presence, Group Characteristics, and Group Norms affect Human-Robot Interaction in Naturalistic Settings. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 6, 48.
  • Fraune, M. R., Sherrin, S., Šabanović, S., & Smith, E. R. (2019, March). Is Human-Robot Interaction More Competitive Between Groups Than Between Individuals?. In 2019 14th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) (pp. 104-113). IEEE.
  • Fraune, M. R. (2018). Examining Effects of Groups and Intergroup Contexts on Human-Robot Interaction (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University).
  • Wallisch, K., Fraune, M., Sabanović, S., Sherrin, S., & Smith, E. (2018, March). Getting to Know You: Relationship Between Intergroup Contact and Willingness to Interact. In Companion of the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 275-276). ACM.
  • Sembroski, C. E., Fraune, M. R., & Šabanović, S. (2017). He said, she said, it said: Effects of robot group membership and human authority on people’s willingness to follow their instructions. In 2017 26th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN) (pp. 56-61). IEEE.
  • Fraune, M. R., Šabanović, S., & Smith, E. R. (2017). Teammates first: Favoring ingroup robots over outgroup humans. In 2017 26th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN) (pp. 1432-1437). IEEE.
  • Fraune, M. R., Šabanović, S., Smith, E. R., Nishiwaki, Y., & Okada, M. (2017, March). threatening flocks and mindful snowflakes: How group entitativity affects perceptions of robots. In 2017 12th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI (pp. 205-213). IEEE.
  • Wullenkord, R., Fraune, M. R., Eyssel, F., & Šabanović, S. (2016, August). Getting in touch: How imagined, actual, and physical contact affect evaluations of robots. In 2016 25th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN) (pp. 980-985). IEEE.
  • Oistad, B. C., Sembroski, C. E., Gates, K. A., Krupp, M. M., Fraune, M. R., & Šabanović, S. (2016, November). Colleague or Tool? Interactivity Increases Positive Perceptions of and Willingness to Interact with a Robotic Co-worker. In International Conference on Social Robotics (pp. 774-785). Springer, Cham.
  • Fraune, M. R., Kawakami, S., Šabanović, S., de Silva, P. R. S., & Okada, M. (2015). Three’s company, or a crowd?: The effects of robot number and behavior on HRI in Japan and the USA. In D. Hsu (Ed.) Robotics: Science and Systems. Paper presented at the 12th Annual Robotics: Science and Systems Conference, Rome, Italy.
  • Fraune, M. R., Sherrin, S. Šabanović, S., & Smith, E. R. (2015) Rabble of robots effects: Number and type of robots modulates attitudes, emotions, and stereotypes. In (Adams, J.A., Mutlu, B., Smart, W., & Takayama) (Eds.) In proceedings for the 2015 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI ’15). (pp. 109-116). ACM, New York, NY, USA. Finalist in the Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) Best Paper Contest.
  • Fraune, M., Šabanović, S. (2014) “Robot gossip: effects of mode of robot communication on human perceptions of robots.” Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI’14), Bielefeld, Germany, March 2014.
  • Fraune, M. R., & Šabanović, S. (2014, August). Negative attitudes toward minimalistic robots with intragroup communication styles. In The 23rd IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication(pp. 1116-1121). IEEE.
  • Chang, W., White, J.P., Park, J., Holm, A., Šabanović, S. (2012). “The Effect of Group Size on People’s Attitudes and Cooperative Behaviors Toward Robots in Interactive Gameplay. ” Proceedings of RO-MAN 2012, Paris France, September 2012, pp. 845-850.